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Examining Provider Participation in the Child Care Subsidy System: A Mixed Methods Study


Research is needed to examine the factors that may influence center-based child care providers’ participation in the subsidy system. The proposed study will address this critical research need through secondary analyses of national datasets and primary data collection in Arkansas, paying close attention to the influence of state policies and other factors amenable to policy intervention. In particular, this will help in understanding how the state-level implementation of CCDF policies and practices may influence child care providers’ willingness and ability to care for low-income children receiving subsidies and other families prioritized by the CCDF law (i.e., children with special needs, families experiencing homelessness). The proposed study uses a three-phase, mixed methods design. Phase I, relying on a statewide partnership with the Arkansas CCDF agency, will be a mixed methods study that will illuminate experiences providers have with state policies that may influence subsidy participation within one state context. An explanatory sequential design will be employed, beginning with a survey of Arkansas providers and followed up with semi-structured interviews using a purposeful sub-sample of providers. Phase II will identify the features of providers, local markets, and state-level CCDF policies related to the proportion of children receiving subsidies and whether or not prioritized families are served in center-based programs. This phase will use a nationally representative sample of child care providers in the 2019 National Survey of Early Care and Education (NSECE) and state-level CCDF policy data from across the U.S., employing the 2018 CCDF Policies Database. Phase III will restructure NSECE survey data to mimic experimental data, strengthening the causal claims that can be made about the influence of state-level CCDF policies on provider subsidy system participation. Overall, this study will provide useful insights into how to implement state policies and practices that could incentivize center-based providers’ participation in the subsidy system, and as a result better serve low-income families.

Resource Type:
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
Principal Investigator(s):
United States
State(s)/Territories/Tribal Nation(s):

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

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