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Technical report: Unintended and inequitable impacts of a 2017 policy change for license-exempt home child care


This is the technical report on research described in the policy research brief, “Unintended and Inequitable Impacts of a 2017 Policy Change for License-Exempt Home Child Care.”1 The study explores impacts of a federal child care subsidy policy change – one part of the CCDBG reauthorization of 2014 – as enacted by Illinois in 2017 to require license-exempt home-based child care providers – also called “family, friend and neighbor” (FFN) child care providers – for the first time to take preservice training in health and safety and child development. Appendix 1 has policy details. Immediately following this policy change, subsidized license-exempt home-based child care declined sharply in Illinois. Although stakeholder response to this was muted in the midst of other policy and financial changes in the subsidy program, it appears now that impacts were substantial and negative for equity: for example, many Black children and school-age children left the child care subsidy program. Hence we need a rigorous study of impacts. (author abstract)

Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States

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