Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Impacts of two public preschool programs on school readiness in San Francisco

Share
Description:

We investigated the impact of a subsidized, needs-based preschool program (Study 1; N = 1,894) and California’s universal but age-restricted transitional kindergarten (TK) program (Study 2; N = 1,093) on school readiness. We applied Mahalanobis matching—a quasi-experimental data analysis method used to create equivalent groups—to data from 3 recent kindergarten cohorts in a large, urban school district in San Francisco. We matched students in each preschool group to demographically similar kindergarteners who did not attend public preschool in the district. Students’ literacy, cognitive/fine motor, and social-emotional skills were assessed by kindergarten teachers in the first six weeks of the school year. We observed substantial heterogeneity in program effects only for literacy across the needs-based program ( β = 0.27) and TK ( β = 0.53). For cognitive/fine motor skills, effects were similar across the needs-based program ( β = 0.23) and TK ( β = 0.28). Only TK had a positive effect on social emotional skills ( β = 0.12). Across these two programs, which serve students who go on to enroll in kindergarten classrooms together, we discuss the structural program differences that could explain variation in effectiveness and implications for policy as California expands its TK program to cover all four-year-olds. (author abstract)

Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
Country:
United States
State(s):
California

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection.

Prek-3rd: Next steps for state longitudinal data systems

Fact Sheets & Briefs

Early childhood education professional development: Adult education glossary

Other

Long term impacts of compensatory preschool on health and behavior: Evidence from Head Start

Reports & Papers

Adult outcomes as a function of an early childhood educational program: An Abecedarian Project follow-up

Reports & Papers
Release: 'v1.24.0' | Built: 2023-01-23 14:56:35 EST