Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Can intensive early childhood intervention programs eliminate income-based cognitive and achievement gaps?

How much of the income-based gaps in cognitive ability and academic achievement could be closed by a two-year, center-based early childhood education intervention? Data from the Infant Health and Development Program (IHDP), which randomly assigned treatment to low-birth-weight children from both higher- and low-income families between ages one and three, shows much larger impacts among low- than higher-income children. Projecting IHDP impacts to the U.S. population's IQ and achievement trajectories suggests that such a program offered to low-income children would essentially eliminate the income-based gap at age three and between a third and three-quarters of the age five and age eight gaps. (author abstract)
Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection.

How much can high-quality universal pre-k reduce achievement gaps?

Reports & Papers

L.E.A.D. Early Childhood Clearinghouse: Closing the leadership gap

Interactive Tools

How much can high-quality universal pre-k reduce achievement gaps?

Executive Summary

Data and funding gaps in tribal early care and education

Fact Sheets & Briefs
Release: 'v1.28.0' | Built: 2023-04-17 15:59:38 EDT