Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Sociodemographic inequality in early literacy development: The role of teacher perceptual accuracy

Description:
Previous research has established that student learning is influenced by how accurately teachers perceive student academic ability. But studies rarely investigate the degree to which inaccuracies in teacher perceptions exacerbate demographic inequality in academic ability. Using a sample of almost 14,000 children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Cohort, we found that children whose literacy skills are overestimated by their teachers typically gain more literacy skills during kindergarten. Conversely, children whose skills are underestimated learn less. It is important to note that the skills of socioeconomically disadvantaged children are on average underestimated. As a result, inequalities in kindergarten literacy development stem in part from the links between teacher misperceptions and student background. We also explored the extent to which these relationships operate through practices associated with ability grouping. We found instructional grouping to be a weak facilitator of the link between teacher perceptions and student learning, suggesting the need for further research that identifies the social and structural classroom characteristics that link teacher perceptual accuracy to student learning. (author abstract)
Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
Country:
United States

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection.

Developing early literacy: Report of the National Early Literacy Panel: A scientific synthesis of early literacy development and implications for intervention

Literature Review

Executive summary: Developing early literacy: Report of the National Early Literacy Panel: A scientific synthesis of early literacy development and implications for intervention

Executive Summary

Synthesis of scientific research on development of early literacy in young children

Other
Release: 'v1.54.0' | Built: 2024-02-19 12:13:38 EST