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Parenting stress and home-based literacy interactions in low-income preschool families

This study examined relations among parent education, parenting stress, and parental home-based educational activities to better understand the home literacy environment and parent-child interactions among low-income preschool families. Primary caregivers of 78 preschoolers (ages 3-5) participated. Separate hierarchical regression models indicated that after controlling for parental education, total parenting stress significantly predicted general home-based involvement, parent-child interactive reading, and parent-child modeling/monitoring in reading. Neither parental education nor parenting stress significantly predicted parent-child literacy skill building activities, which appeared to be universal among families regardless of education or stress levels. Among all stress factors, parenting stress due to parent-child dysfunctional interaction (PCDI) appeared as the best predictor of general home-based involvement as well as modeling and monitoring in literacy by caregivers, explaining 9% and 6% of additional variance in these behaviors, after parental education was controlled. The implications of these results for research and practice with diverse low-income families are discussed. (author abstract)
Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States

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