Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Does universal preschool hit the target?: Program access and preschool impacts

Description:
Despite substantial interest in preschool as a means of narrowing the achievement gap, little is known about how particular program attributes might influence the achievement gains of disadvantaged preschoolers. This paper uses survey data on a recent cohort to explore the mediating influence of one key program attribute -- whether disadvantage itself is a criterion for preschool admission. Taking advantage of age-eligibility rules to construct an instrument for attendance, I find that universal state-funded prekindergarten (pre-K) programs generate substantial positive effects on the reading scores of low-income 4 year olds. State pre-K programs targeted toward disadvantaged children do not. Differences in other pre-K program requirements and population demographics cannot explain the larger positive impacts of universal programs. The alternatives to universal and targeted state pre-K programs also do not significantly differ. Together, these findings suggest that universal preschools offer a relatively high-quality learning experience for low-income children not reflected in typical quality metrics. (author abstract)
Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
Author(s):
Country:
United States
State(s):
Colorado; Florida; Georgia; Illinois; Kansas; Maryland; New York; Oklahoma; South Carolina; Tennessee; Texas; Virginia; West Virginia; Wisconsin

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection.

Does universal preschool hit the target?: Program access and preschool impacts

Reports & Papers

Does universal preschool hit the target? Program access and preschool impacts

Reports & Papers

A framework for universal access to quality preschool in Illinois

Other
Release: 'v1.54.0' | Built: 2024-02-19 12:13:38 EST