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Identifying racial and ethnic disparities in human services: A conceptual framework and literature review [Executive summary]


This report summarizes existing research on racial and ethnic disparities in six programs administered by ACF: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), the Child Support Enforcement Program, the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF), Head Start, and programs for runaway and homeless youth and adolescent pregnancy prevention programs administered by ACF's Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB). The report also introduces a conceptual framework to distinguish racial and ethnic "disparities" from "differences." The framework suggests that disparities may exist at different points along the service delivery path, from initial program access to program services and treatment to outcomes. (author abstract)

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Executive Summary

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