Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Banking Time in Head Start: Effectiveness of an intervention designed to promote supportive teacher-child relationships

This exploratory study encompassed a collaboration to implement and evaluate the effectiveness of Banking Time, a classroom intervention designed to promote supportive teacher-child relationships. Banking Time is a set of one-on-one meetings between a teacher and a child consisting of child-led play and teacher facilitation techniques. The study explored changes in teacher-reported relationship quality, teacher-rated child behavioral outcomes, and observer-rated teacher-child interactions during two six-week intervention periods. The three study conditions were (1) intervention; (2) within-class control; and (3) wait-list control. The sample consisted of 29 Head Start teachers and 116 children. Teachers completed the Student Teacher Relationship Scale (STRS; Pianta, 2001) and the Teacher-Child Rating Scale (TCRS; Hightower et al, 1986) at pre- and post-test. Teachers and children also participated in pre- and post-test videotaped semi-structured interactions that were coded on six teacher, child, and dyadic ratings. Results indicate that overall, there were modest classroom gains associated with the use of Banking Time. Teachers consistently reported increased perceptions of closeness with children participating in the Banking Time intervention. Teacher reports of classroom behavior reflected increased frustration tolerance, task orientation, and competence and decreased conduct problems as a function of the Banking Time intervention. Teacher beliefs, as measured by the Modernity Scale (Schaefer & Edgerton, 1985), were associated with ratings of child behavior as well as teacher-child interactions. Implications for prevention science research are discussed. (author abstract)
Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection.

Supporting parents to care and earn: An economic priority that can?t be ignored


School-age childcare in the EU

Fact Sheets & Briefs

Connections between early literacy and social behavior

Fact Sheets & Briefs

The effects of early reading with parents on developing literacy skills

Fact Sheets & Briefs
Release: 'v1.25.0' | Built: 2023-02-16 16:36:50 EST