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Early childcare and family experiences predict development of prosocial behaviour in first grade

Using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care (n = 1364), we examined how experiences in early childcare (ECE) and in families from 6 to 54 months predicted the development of first-grade prosocial behaviour (PSB), a core component of social and emotional success. SEM analyses revealed several key pathways: (1) both ECE process quality and structural quality predicted later PSB, and the indirect path to PSB from ECE structural quality through process quality was significant; (2) indirect paths to PSB from family demographic factors (minority; income/ education) through ECE process quality were also significant; (3) dynamic family processes predicted PSB directly, and indirect paths to PSB from family structure and demographics through family processes were significant; (4) ECE process quality predicted family dynamic qualities and the indirect path from ECE process quality to PSB through family dynamic processes was significant. Developmental and policy implications are discussed. (author abstract)
Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States

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