Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Prenatal risk predicts preschooler executive function: A cascade model

Share
Description:
Little research has considered whether prenatal experience contributes to executive function (EF) development above and beyond postnatal experience. This study tests direct, mediated, and moderated associations between prenatal risk factors and preschool EF and IQ in a longitudinal sample of 1,292 children from the Family Life Project. A composite of prenatal risk factors (i.e., low birth weight, prematurity, maternal emotional problems, maternal prepregnancy obesity, and obstetric complications) significantly predicted EF and IQ at age 3, above quality of the postnatal environment. This relationship was indirect, mediated through infant general cognitive abilities. Quality of the postnatal home and child-care environments did not moderate the cascade model. These findings highlight the role of prenatal experience as a contributor to individual differences in cognitive development. (author abstract)
Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
Country:
United States
State(s):
North Carolina; Pennsylvania

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection.

Home visiting programs (prenatal and postnatal)

Other

Prenatal through pre-k: Building bright futures

Fact Sheets & Briefs

Prenatal through pre-k: Building bright futures

Fact Sheets & Briefs
Release: 'v1.21.0' | Built: 2022-11-18 17:25:04 EST