Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

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Explore our collection of gray research literature (e.g., publicly available reports and briefs published by government agencies, and for-profit and nonprofit organizations), peer-reviewed journal articles, survey instruments, webinars, and descriptions of projects funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation. Learn more about the scope of our collection.

You can filter your results by keyword, date, resource type, topic, location (state in which the data were collected), grant (federally funded grant that supported the research), publisher, funder, and author. And you can indicate whether to include resources with data from all states, full text, and peer-reviewed research.

Displaying 1 - 15 out of 134 results
Stites Michele L., Sonnenschein Susan, Dowling Rebecca, Gay Brittany, January, 2021
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
Research Findings: These two studies examined the different mathematical opportunities provided in preschool classrooms, with a particular focus on the availability of mathematical-themed books in classroom libraries. In study one, we interviewed…
Sheridan Kathleen M., Wen Xiaoli, January, 2021
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
Research Findings: This is an evaluation study of the effectiveness of an online early mathematics professional development program for early childhood teachers. The eight online courses, along with the Math at Home: Early Math Matters website and…
King Yemimah A., Purpura David J., Q1 2021
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
A number of studies provide evidence that the home numeracy environment is important for the development of early numeracy skills. There is also evidence that preschoolers understanding of math language is a strong predictor of numeracy skills.…
Moffett Lillie, 2021
Reports & Papers

Given the well-documented relation between executive functioning (EF) and math skills in preschool, there is a surprising lack of evidence on early intervention approaches that have successfully, and consistently, impacted both EF and math skills…

Rojas Natalia M., Morris Pamela A., Balaraman Amudha, October-December 2020
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
Achieving high-quality preschool at scale is challenging; to do so likely entails a combination of program standards, teacher qualifications and compensation, on-site quality monitoring, and professional development (PD). This study aims to examine…
McMahon Kelly, Whyte Kristin Lyn, March, 2020
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
Increasingly school districts are attempting to align curricula, assessments and standards, in an effort to eliminate inequities. Some approaches like Prek-3 initiatives call for coordination of instruction between preschool and later elementary…
Scalise Nicole R., Daubert Emily N., Ramani Geetha B., February, 2020
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
Low-income preschoolers have lower average performance on measures of early numerical skills than middle-income children. The present study examined the effectiveness of numerical card games in improving children's numerical and executive…
DeFlorio Lydia, Klein Alice, Starkey Prentice, Swank Paul R., Taylor Heather B., Halliday Simone E., Beliakoff Amber, Mulcahy Christina, Q1 2019
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
Many children from low-income families who have received a generally effective pre-k math intervention nevertheless enter kindergarten behind their middle-income peers in math readiness. To better understand why, research has recently begun to…
Coburn Cynthia E., McMahon Kelly, Borsato Graciela, Stein Abigail, Ju Natalie, Chong Seenae, LeMahieu Rebekah, Franke Megan Loef, Ibarra Sonia, Stipek Deborah J., December, 2018
Reports & Papers
In this report, we share findings from a study investigating the efforts of two urban California school districts to create a more seamless educational experience from pre-K to elementary grades. We focus on mathematics instruction because the…
Colliver Yeshe, Arguel Amael, August, 2018
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
Play is traditionally considered the foundation of learning in the early years. Because play is characterized by free choice, it can be difficult for adults to ensure all learning is useful for children. The intervention described here took a novel…
Paliwal Veena, Baroody Arthur J., Q3 2018
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
The cardinality principle (CP), which specifies that the last number word used in the counting process indicates the total number of items in a collection, is a critically important aspect of numeracy. Only one published study has focused on how…
Jenkins Jade Marcus, Watts Tyler W., Magnuson Katherine A., Gershoff Elizabeth, Clements Douglas H., Sarama Julie, Duncan Greg J., July-September 2018
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
Prior research shows that short-term effects from preschool may disappear, but little research has considered which environmental conditions might sustain academic advantages from preschool into elementary school. Using secondary data from two…
Van Herwegen Jo, Costa Hiwet Mariam, Nicholson Bethany, Donlan Chris, June, 2018
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
Background: Although previous correlational studies have shown that both symbolic and non-symbolic abilities relate to mathematical abilities, correlational studies cannot show the cause and effect of these abilities for mathematical success. Aims:…
Szkudlarek Emily, Brannon Elizabeth M., 15 May, 2018
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed

Recent studies suggest that practice with approximate and non-symbolic arithmetic problems improves the math performance of adults, school aged children, and preschoolers. However, the relative effectiveness of approximate arithmetic training…

Watts Tyler W., Duncan Greg J., Clements Douglas H., Sarama Julie, March/April 2018
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
The current study estimated the causal links between preschool mathematics learning and late elementary school mathematics achievement using variation in treatment assignment to an early mathematics intervention as an instrument for preschool…