Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

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Explore our collection of gray research literature (e.g., publicly available reports and briefs published by government agencies, and for-profit and nonprofit organizations), peer-reviewed journal articles, survey instruments, webinars, and descriptions of projects funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation. Learn more about the scope of our collection.

You can filter your results by keyword, date, resource type, topic, location (state in which the data were collected), grant (federally funded grant that supported the research), publisher, funder, and author. And you can indicate whether to include resources with data from all states, full text, and peer-reviewed research.

Displaying 1 - 84 out of 84 results
Tang Jing, Hallam Rena A., 2019
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The proposed project is a mixed methods study that seeks to increase the understanding of the search strategies that parents use to make early care and education (ECE) decisions. Most children under age 5 receive non-parental child care on a regular…
Borowsky Jonathan, Davis Elizabeth E., 2019
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This project addresses three major research questions, each focused on families receiving child care subsidies: First, what is the effect of Quality Rating and Improvement System (QRIS) ratings on choice of provider? Second, what is the effect of…
Healy Olivia, Sabol Terri J., 2019
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
My research focuses on Illinois' public pre-K initiative that began in 2007 and was geared toward low-income and academically at-risk 3- and 4-year-olds. I examine the quantity, price and quality of the overall set of child care options available…
Riser Danielle, Hallam Rena A., 2019
Bibliographies
Child care provides an essential service to many families by allowing parents to participate in the workforce and helping their children develop in a nurturing environment. However, families who have young children with disabilities have constrained…
Lin Ying-Chun, Magnuson Katherine A., 2018
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This study aims to examine the role of structural factors in parents', specifically immigrant parents', use of center-based early care and education (ECE). Children of immigrants are less likely to participate in center-based ECE compared with…
Porterfield Mary Lee, Scott-Little Catherine, 2018
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This study seeks to inform state efforts to improve the quality of center-based infant and toddler early care and education (ECE) in North Carolina by illuminating the nature and extent of teacher-family relationships and partnerships in those…
Lundquist Alexandra, McBride Brent A., 2018
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
In addition to the type and amount of food children eat within ECE settings, how children eat is an equally important component of a healthful mealtime environment. Responsive feeding, or how children are fed, is defined broadly by creating a…
Ai Jun, Horn Eva M., 2018
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The goal of this study is to understand the use of positive behavior support (PBS) practices, as well as challenges and barriers that impact PBS practice implementation, in early care and education programs. PBS practices have been reported to…
Lane Abby, Osborne Cynthia, 2017
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This mixed-methods study seeks to deepen our understanding of the implications of nonstandard work schedules (i.e., non-weekday schedules) for work-family balance. The three papers of this dissertation aim to increase our understanding of: (1) the…
Bichay-Awadalla Krystal, Bulotsky-Shearer Rebecca J., 2017
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
National policy initiatives, such as Early Head Start (EHS) and Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS), have responded to the need for access to high quality early childhood programs for children from low-income backgrounds. To improve…
An Zhe, Horn Eva M., 2017
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This mixed methods study seeks to understand and address the prevalent use of expulsion and suspensions practices in early childhood settings. Research has shown that preschoolers, particularly those from low-income families and with challenging…
Fisher Meghan, McBride Brent A., 2016
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The overall goal of the proposed study is to generate new insight that will inform policies and practices related to professional development activities aimed at better equipping early childhood educators to implement evidenced-based best practices…
Nguyen Tutrang, Duncan Greg J., 2016
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
Whole-child curricula seek to promote learning by encouraging children to interact independently with the equipment, materials, and other children in the classroom environment. A recent meta-analysis showed that, on average, children exposed to…
Hepburn Peter, Smith Sandra, Gennetian Lisa A., 2016
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This project explores how parental employment and household structure shape low-income families' access to and use of (a) developmentally-beneficial childcare options and (b) childcare subsidies. The project includes three main studies (each a free-…
Dahlke Katie, Schanzenbach Diane, 2015
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of providing early care and education (ECE) teachers with written, individualized, instructional feedback on a variety of child, teacher, and provider-level outcomes. This study exploits the…
Brumley Benjamin, Fantuzzo John W., 2015
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
Child care programs call for research that supports the healthy development and school readiness of children. Approaches to Learning is one of the five domains of early learning embraced by federal and state school readiness frameworks. Child care…
Weglarz-Ward Jenna M., Santos Rosa Milagros, 2015
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The purpose of this project is to begin to understand the needs of infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families in child care settings. As the number of infants in child care rapidly increases as does the number of children in need of…
Sumrall Teressa Cameron, Scott-Little Catherine, 2015
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
Early Learning and Development Standards (ELDS) articulate what young children should know and be able to do prior to beginning kindergarten. In 2013, early childhood experts in North Carolina revised the state's ELDS and released The North Carolina…
Hooper Alison, Hallam Rena A., 2015
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This mixed methods study seeks to broaden the understanding of home-based child care providers and their beliefs and practices related to children and families. Many low-income children from birth to five receive care in home-based child care…
Ansari Arya, Gershoff Elizabeth, 2014
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
Latino families represent the fastest-growing minority population in the U.S., but they are also the least likely group to enroll their children in some form of non-parental care the year before kindergarten. Why Latino families utilize less formal…
Giapponi Schneider Kate, Joshi Pamela, 2014
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
High quality child care providers that accept subsidies are the linchpin to supporting parental employment and the child development needs of low-income families. Without the voluntary participation of private providers in child care subsidy systems…
Miller Elizabeth B., Farkas George, 2014
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The number of Spanish-speaking Dual Language Learners (DLLs) is growing rapidly in the U.S., representing an increasing share (nearly 40%) of Head Start (HS) and Early Head Start (EHS) participants as well as other early care and education (ECE)…
Scheef Belle A., Torquati Julia C., 2014
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The main purpose of this study is to understand key aspects of theory of change undergirding Quality Rating and Improvement Systems. This research project is two-fold, and includes both a quantitative and qualitative study. The quantitative study…
Colaner Anna C., Gordon Rachel A., 2013
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This dissertation employs mixed methods and multiple data sources to investigate the implications of Illinois' universal Preschool for All program for ZIP codes characterized by varying family income, racial/ethnic, and linguistic backgrounds.…
Pilarz Alejandra Ros, Henly Julia R., 2013
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The purpose of this study is to improve our understanding of the determinants of and effects on young children's development of multiple, concurrent arrangements. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, this study…
Kull Melissa A., Coley Rebekah Levine, 2013
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This study uses data drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (Birth Cohort) to examine associations between children's early physical health problems and their school readiness skills at kindergarten entry. Explanatory pathways through…
Mendoza Marina M., Watamura Sarah, 2013
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The project goals are to understand how to improve Early Head Start (EHS) utilization, how to enhance program supports for vulnerable families, and ultimately, how to optimize the socio-emotional development of EHS children. This project addresses…
Auger Anamarie, Duncan Greg J., 2012
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The study aims to improve the field's understanding of the features of child care services that are most critical to support children's development and identify family-level processes that might be influenced by child care. Specific research…
Barghaus Katherine M., Fantuzzo John W., 2012
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The study aims to provide high quality evidence on the second most used assessment tool in Head Start--the Preschool Child Observation Record, 2nd edition (COR-2). To that end, this study has five objectives: (1) determine the dimensionality of the…
Gomez Rebecca E., Kagan Sharon Lynn, 2012
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The purpose of this research is to explore the decisions states make about the form and function of governance, the ways governance has impacted the Early Childhood Education (ECE) system, and opportunities and limits of governance for bringing…
Grindal Todd, Yoshikawa Hirokazu, 2012
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The purpose of this project is to evaluate the impact of home-based child care provider (HBCP) unionization on the cost, type, and availability of subsidized child care in Illinois. In 2005, Illinois became the first U.S. state to grant home-based…
Squibb Kathryn M., DeBruin-Parecki Andrea, 2012
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This study examines data collected on the quality of centers participating in Virginia's Quality Rating and Improvement System (QRIS) to identify patterns and profiles of quality in these settings using a clustering technique. Identified patterns…
Swartz Rebecca Anne, Wiley Angela R. (Angela Renee), 2011
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The purpose of this study is to contribute to the understanding of the training and support needs of Family Child Care Providers (FCCPs). Though past research indicates that work-family balance issues create unique challenges to FCCPs psychosocial…
Lewsader Joellen, Elicker James, 2011
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The specific aims of this dissertation research are to on explore the quality of church-sponsored center-based child care as observed in three levels of state child care regulation. The first objective is to determine if and how global child care…
Bumgarner Erin, Brooks-Gunn Jeanne, 2011
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The number of Latino children in the United States is steadily increasing. This demographic transformation presents several challenges for the United States, one of which is meeting the diverse educational needs of Latino children. This challenge is…
Vesely Colleen K., Roy Kevin M., Hofferth Sandra L., 2010
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
Children of immigrants are the fastest growing segment of children in the U.S. with one quarter of children under age 18 having at least one foreign born parent (Hernandez, 2009). In addition, nearly 60%; of children of immigrants were enrolled in…
Meloy Mary Elizabeth Corrington, Phillips Deborah A., 2010
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
Extensive literature supports the notion that young children involved in the child welfare system exhibit a myriad of developmental needs, including developmental delays, and physical and mental health issues. Ample research also demonstrates the…
Moodie-Dyer Amber, Galambos Colleen, 2010
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The purpose of this project was to understand how different factors influence working poor parent's decision making and perceptions regarding their child care arrangements. Parents in a central Missouri community completed a survey which allowed…
Manning Colleen F., Albelda Randy, 2010
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The parents of nearly 800,000 U.S. children younger than age five rely on family child care as their primary care arrangement enabling them to work. Yet occupational exit in the family child care industry is exceedingly high, disrupting the…
Speirs Katherine E., Anderson Elaine A., 2010
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This project is funded by a Child Care Research Scholars grant and consists of the first author's dissertation work. Although research and theory suggest that strong parent-child care provider partnerships are important for their potential to…
Pittman LaShawnDa Latrice, Morris Aldon D., 2009
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An analysis of how low-income, urban black custodial grandmothers manage child care, using ethnographic research methods--including in-depth interviews with custodial grandmothers and child care agents over a twelve-month period and participant…
Johnson Anna D., Brooks-Gunn Jeanne, 2009
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This study uses data from the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) to: (1) determine whether eligible recipients of child care subsidies differ from the eligible non-recipients of child care subsidies on…
Sabol Terri J., Pianta Robert C., 2009
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This study validates the rating system in Virginia's QRIS, the Virginia Star Quality Initiative (VSQI), by examining associations between 71 targeted prekindergarten programs in the VSQI and growth in pre-literacy skills across early childhood.…
Preuss Cara, Egbert Joy, 2009
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The Caminos Program works with licensed Spanish speaking child care providers in Washington State. They have one main goal--to improve school readiness for children. To achieve this goal, Caminos and their partners aim to: (1) improve the literacy…
Butler Susan, Parish Susan L., 2009
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A mixed methods examination of how child care subsidy policies and practices affect the child care decisions of parents, specifically the quality of child care parents choose. The responsiveness of child care subsidy policies to the needs of low…
Tarrant Kate, Kagan Sharon Lynn, 2008
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
In an effort to improve and unify early care and education, policymakers in numerous states have developed quality rating and improvement systems, a policy that establishes common quality standards for early childhood programs. This study explored…
Douglass Anne L., Klerman Lorraine V., 2008
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
The goals of this multiple case study were to: (1) identify how Strengthening Families Illinois (SFI) influenced changes in child care programs; (2) identify theorized characteristics of conventional and relational child care organizations; and (3)…
Lower Joanna K., Faldowski Richard A., 2008
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This study evalutates access to high-quality child care across North Carolina communities. Multiple data sources are used in hierarchical linear models utilizing two and three levels to inform future state and national policies that promote…
Caronongan Pia, Yoshikawa Hirokazu, 2007
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
Federal law limits eligibility of child care subsidy receipt to a maximum of 85% of a state's median income, but states may choose to set thresholds below this level. As a result, there is a substantial amount of variation in the thresholds states…
Ha Yoonsook, Meyer Daniel R., 2007
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This project explores the dynamics of child care subsidy use among low-income families and examines the factors associated with stable (long-term) subsidy use and positive economic outcomes at the exit of subsidy receipt. In addition, this research…
Guzman Cox Julio, Neal Derek, 2007
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
Post-welfare reform has introduced a new set of policy questions around child care subsidy receipt. The present study addresses policy relevant questions that seek to better articulate the relationships between single mothers' decisions about work,…
Badanes Lisa S., Watamura Sarah, 2007
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
Previous work has repeatedly shown that full-day child care is associated with increased physiological stress for many young children. Efforts to understand this phenomenon have demonstrated that quality of caregiving is important for predicting the…
Morrissey Taryn, Cochran Moncrieff M., Dunifon Rachel E., 2006
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
This ongoing study addresses examines relations between concurrent, multiple child care arrangements, or arrangement multiplicity, and young children's health. Specifically, a longitudinal, comprehensive dataset is used to relate changes in the…
Claessens Amy, Duncan Greg J., 2006
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A systematic examination of the links between extent, type, and quality of child care and children's social-emotional and cognitive well-being, using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-kindergarten cohort (ECLS-K). The sample for this study…
Forry Nicole D., Hofferth Sandra L., 2006
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An examination of the relationship between child care subsidies and child care-related work disruptions that affect mothers' ability to maintain steady employment and work productively, including considerations of whether this relationship is…
Crowell Nancy A., Phillips Deborah A., 2005
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A study documenting the literacy levels of a sample of early care and education providers, examining the relationships among adult literacy level, traditional measures of child care quality, and child language and cognitive outcomes, and analyzing…
Curry Susan Willard, Fees Bronwyn S., 2005
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An assessment of the quality of care in subsidized relative care settings, conducted for the purpose of informing policymakers regarding the efficacy of this investment. The objectives are two-fold: (1) to assess and compare quality of care observed…
Williams Shannon, Ontai-Brzebik Lenna, 2005
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A project that employs a series of longitudinal models to examine the importance of a multi-faceted definition of school readiness in the context of out-of-home child care environments. The definition of readiness includes children's development of…
Herbst Chris M., Lopez Mark, 2005
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A study of the cost-effectiveness of child care subsidies along two dimensions: (1) a comparison of measures of cost-effectiveness to the alternative of an Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC); and (2) clarification of an optimal design strategy through…
Willis Linda Mayo, Edwards Carolyn Pope, 2005
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An investigation of American Indian child care directors' perceptions in two areas: (1) the reservation community's efforts to promote and preserve cultural integrity in the local transmission of cultural values to children, aged birth to five, who…
Benjamin Sara E., Ward Dianne Stanton, 2005
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A comparative study of different types of training components of the Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care project (NAP SACC) in terms of their overall effectiveness at preparing Child Health Care Consultants (CCHCs) to…
Lim Youngok, Cochran Moncrieff M., Peters H. Elizabeth, 2004
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An assessment of whether publicly available information about quality influences parents' child care choices, with an investigation of what types of providers are likely to participate in evaluations to assess child care quality, and how the results…
Clark Douglas P., Hiatt-Michael Diana B., 2004
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A qualitative study that addresses the question of whether technology is an effective means of connecting providers with resources, and describes the characteristics of Illinois license-exempt child care providers, their use of information resources…
King Eden B., Hebl Michelle R., 2004
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An investigation of the workplace factors that enable parents to cope with child care disruptions, examining employers' organizational efforts to support working parents and facilitate the utilization of child care. The hypotheses are that an…
Laughlin Lynda L., Press Julie E., 2004
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An examination of the role of contextual variables in mothers' child care choices, through an identification of how child care decisions are shaped by race/ethnicity, class, and community contexts, using quantitative data from the Philadelphia…
Tran Henry, Weinraub Marsha, 2004
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An assessment of the frequency with which low-income preschoolers (ages 3-6) experience unstable and multiple concurrent child care arrangements, and an examination of the effects of quality, stability, and multiplicity on children's social-…
Rigby Elizabeth, Brooks-Gunn Jeanne, Kagan Sharon Lynn, 2003
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An empirical assessment of the effects of states' political and economic contexts on a range of state policy choices, using a time-series methodology which pools data on all 50 states over the last decade. Specific considerations include: the role…
Watamura Sarah, Robertson Steven S., Cochran Moncrieff M., 2003
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A study of the potential effects of altered patterning of cortisol--a stress-sensitive hormone detectable in saliva, which when elevated can suppress the immune system--among children who attend child care. The study examines the relationship…
Birken Brittany Olivieri, Mullis Ann K., 2003
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An inquiry into professional development and articulation as related to early care and education in Florida, including an examination of formal systems of early childhood education, through replication of research first conducted by Early and Winton…
Knoche Lisa, Edwards Carolyn Pope, 2003
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An examination of the relationship between child care quality, child social knowledge and competence, and child learning outcomes for low-income preschoolers. The first hypotheses examines whether observed classroom quality relates to child social…
Perlman Staci M., Fantuzzo John W., 2003
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A project that seeks to understand: (1) the prevalence of out-of-home placement experiences in a cohort of kindergarten children; and (2) how formal early childhood experiences contribute to resilient outcomes for children in out-of-home placement.…
Jordan Lucy P., Meyers Marcia K., 2003
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A study of the relationship between child care subsidies and the length of time between the birth of a child and the mother's entry to employment, particularly among lower-skilled women, who typically spend a larger proportion of their earnings on…
Rudd Loretta C., Saxon Terrill F., 2002
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A presentation of a professional development training model for child care providers, especially those who work with low-income children, covering basic concepts about child development and basic principles about stimulating young children's…
Bozzi Laurie, Singer Judith D., 2002
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A secondary analysis of data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care, consisting of two phases. Phase one explores the relationship between mothers' number of work hours and responsiveness…
Datar Ashlesha, Kilburn M. Rebecca, 2002
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An assessment of the impact of a change in kindergarten entrance age policy on the child care needs of families, using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K) data set to estimate: (1) the number of children who might be affected; (2) the…
Katz Jane R., Snow Catherine, 2001
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An examination of the child-rearing beliefs and authoritarian/non-authoritarian values of caregivers (center-based, family child care providers, grandparents, other relatives, and babysitters/nannies) in the National Institute of Child Health and…
Wolf Anne, Singer Judith D., 2001
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A study of the influence of family socioeconomic status, parental beliefs, and differences between single and two parent families on child care selection. The study identifies the timing and sequence of care over children's first three years of life…
Bromer Juliet, Hans Sydney L., 2001
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An examination of the ways African-American child care providers support low-income African-American parents and neighborhoods beyond the daily responsibilities of child care, and the relationships that develop among African-American child care…
Hatch Lynn A., Folbre Nancy, 2001
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An inquiry into the relationship between working conditions and teacher turnover in child care programs. Using a new survey and data set designed by the researcher of programs in Massachusetts, factors are examined that might be related to lower…
Chaudry Ajay, Bane Mary Jo, 2000
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An analysis of child care arrangements among urban low-income families, using qualitative research methods--including interviews with mothers over a twelve month period, and observations in child care settings--to explore the following questions: (1…
Foster Jessica Bigazzi, Hebl Michelle R., 2000
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An examination of the interaction between child care and parent workplace stress. The study follows ethnically and socioeconomically diverse parents, and randomly samples their behaviors and attitudes to measure the effects of child care disruptions…
Sparks Shannon Michelle Anjeanette, Nichter Mark, 2000
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
An ethnographic study of informal kith and kin care among the White Mountain Apaches, and the effects of child care practices on child health, with an exploration of the implications of welfare reform for parent employment and child care. The…
Tekin Erdal, Blau David M., 2000
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A comprehensive analysis of single mothers' employment, child care payment, welfare, and child care subsidy decisions in the new welfare environment, using a data set from the National Survey of America's Families. The study models the effects of…
Weaver Ruth Harding, Bretherton Inge, 2000
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
A study of 67 licensed family child care providers, examining the unique and combined influences of factors, including education and training, psychological well-being, adult attachment style, commitment to care, and social support, that may promote…