Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Do preschool entitlements distribute quality fairly? Racial inequity in New York City


Can robust preschool initiatives – such as New York City’s universal entitlement –narrow disparities in children’s learning? Or, might the quality of pre-K sites become regressively distributed, based on racial or economic features of neighborhoods? We map levels of quality observed across 1,791 pre-k sites, 2015 to 2019, finding that those situated in economically better-off census tracts host higher quality programs and developmental practices. Quality falls lower in pre-K sites situated in neighborhoods with larger shares of Black residents and sites enrolling higher percentages of Black children, relative to White or Asian American locales. Preschools run by community organizations display higher quality overall, compared with city schools, while the latter host stronger instructional activities. We discuss ways of mitigating against regressive features that may arise with pre-K entitlements, along with widening the field’s conceptions of quality. (author abstract)

Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States
New York

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection.

The effects of an undergraduate programme of preschool teaching on preservice teachers' attitudes towards early mathematics education in Turkey: A longitudinal study

Reports & Papers

Early childhood educators working with children who have lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender parents: What does the literature tell us?

Literature Review

Developing leadership for early childhood professionals through oral inquiry: Strengthening equity through making particulars visible in dilemmas of practice

Reports & Papers

Improving QRISs through the use of existing data: A virtual pilot of the California QRIS

Reports & Papers
Release: 'v1.24.0' | Built: 2023-01-23 14:56:35 EST