Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

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Resource Types

Need to narrow your search results? Try filtering by resource type.


What are Resource Types?

Resource type refers to the nature or genre of the content of a publication, not the format. For example, a Book Review (genre) can be published as a journal article or gray literature (format). The only exception is Multimedia, which is strictly a format.


Current Resource Types

These are the terms currently used in the Research Connections library. Newly added resources will be designated with one of the following terms. Each resource type links to a pre-filtered search by that type. 


Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects

Research initiatives sponsored by the Office of Child Care or Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families.


Descriptive lists of resources, usually sharing a common subject, author, time period, or other theme.

Executive Summaries

Summaries of major findings and recommendations from larger, more detailed reports of original research.

Fact Sheets and Briefs

Descriptive summaries of statistical results or research findings, often accompanied by policy implications.


Data collection tools and measures, such as questionnaires or rating scales, used to collect data for studies.

Interactive Tools

A site that provides 1) individualized access to statistical or policy data or entries from a directory or database, and 2) does not require the user to download data or use data analysis software. This is often, but not always, in the form of a map with clickable geographic regions. 

Literature Review

Resources that summarize and critique reports on a particular topic, to provide a broad understanding of the status of research on the topic. Literature reviews include a methodology section that describes how the author identified the reviewed publications.


A presentation or discussion of original research and/or policy topics delivered in the form of a webinar or a recorded audio or video presentation.


Policy papers, discussions of research or policy, commentaries, descriptions of existing research, or materials that do not fit into any of the other categories.

Reports and Papers

Reports of original research and papers dealing with theoretical issues relevant to child care and early education and contributing new knowledge to the field. These may include secondary analyses of datasets, meta-analyses, and survey, observational, or experimental research.


To view a full list of both current and retired resource types, see our Descriptions of Resource Types document

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