Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

A comparison of activity-based intervention and embedded direct instruction when teaching emergent literacy skills

This replication study focused on the effectiveness of two different intervention approaches, activity-based intervention and embedded direct instruction, on the acquisition, generalization, and maintenance of phonological awareness, a key area of emergent literacy, by preschool children with language delays. Five male preschool participants with language delay were treated with a modified alternating-treatments design. Embedded direct instruction was more effective and efficient in the acquisition of phonological awareness skills for preschool children with language delays. Embedded direct instruction was also more effective in the generalization of emergent literacy skills to probe generalization sessions, as well as in the percentage of maintained skills. Preschool children who are at risk of acquiring foundational skills necessary for the development of conventional literacy would benefit from an explicit, systematic instructional approach. Embedded direct instruction provided the structure necessary to promote effective and efficient acquisition of skills, as well as generalization and maintenance of learning. (author abstract)
Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection.

Direct vocabulary instruction in preschool: A comparison of extended instruction, embedded instruction, and incidental exposure

Reports & Papers

Emergent literacy skills of preschool students with autism: A comparison of teacher-led and computer-assisted instruction

Reports & Papers

Developing early literacy: Report of the National Early Literacy Panel: A scientific synthesis of early literacy development and implications for intervention

Literature Review
Release: 'v1.58.0' | Built: 2024-04-08 08:44:34 EDT