Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Understanding how language of instruction impacts early literacy growth for Spanish-speaking children


Multitiered systems of support hold promise for dual language learners when culturally and linguistically responsive practices guide instruction. We modeled growth on Spanish and English early literacy skills and examined the role of language exposure and use at the individual and classroom instruction level in a group of 313 Spanish-English-speaking bilingual preschool-age children from 81 classrooms. Results revealed a significant portion of variance in children’s performance was between classrooms. Children demonstrated meaningful growth on all measures except English rhyming. Predominantly Spanish and bilingual instruction produced growth as strong as English instruction on all measures except for first sounds and sound identification where bilingual instruction had a negative impact on growth. Children’s language profiles did not interact with their classroom language of instruction. Implications for understanding the role language of instruction and home language exposure in multitiered systems of support with Spanish-speaking preschoolers are discussed. (author abstract)

Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States
California; Minnesota; Oregon; Utah

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection.

Understanding how language of instruction impacts early literacy growth for Spanish-speaking children

Fact Sheets & Briefs

Multitiered system of support framework in early childhood: Description and implications


Bilingual and biliteracy skills in young Spanish-speaking low-SES children: Impact of instructional language and primary language proficiency

Reports & Papers
Release: 'v1.55.0' | Built: 2024-02-23 07:59:10 EST