Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Childcare experiences and early school outcomes: The mediating role of executive functions and emotionality


The current study examined whether young children's executive functions and emotionality are related to childcare experiences and whether they work as mediators explaining the associations between childcare experiences and early school outcomes. Findings from a national sample of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 990) revealed that centre-based care experiences and childcare quality positively predicted preschool children's executive functions, which then were linked to their academic skills and social skills in preschool and kindergarten years. Childcare hours were negatively related to executive functions. Further, childcare experiences did not predict children's emotionality, which was related to their social skills. Overall, childcare experiences, of higher quality, more structure and less hours, were modelled as predicting early school outcomes directly as well as indirectly through executive functioning. Highlights - A mediated model of childcare experiences and early school outcomes through executive functions and emotionality is proposed. - SEM analysis revealed that high-quality, center-type, and non-excessive care experiences predicted executive functions, which then predicted academic and social outcomes, None of the childcare characteristics predicted emotionality while emotionality predicted social outcomes. - Executive functions can be stimulated by high-quality, structured care experiences and need to be a target of early learning and intervention. (author abstract)

Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection. They are found by comparing the topic, author, and resource type of the currently selected resource to the rest of the library’s publications.

Step Up to Quality validation study: The impact of Step Up to Quality on child outcomes

Reports & Papersview

Long-term Head Start impacts on cognitive outcomes for children with disabilities

Reports & Papersview

Effects of classroom practices and funding streams on early childhood learning outcomes

Reports & Papersview
Release: 'v1.13.0' | Built: 2022-08-08 12:44:31 EDT