Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Examining early childhood language and literacy learning opportunities in relation to maternal education and children’s initial skills


In the present study, we examined relations between children’s language and literacy learning opportunities, initial skills, and maternal education. We assessed children’s (n¼1,751 in 461 early childhood classrooms) initial language and literacy skills using standardized measures, and caregivers reported maternal education via questionnaires. We coded classroom observations for the amount of language and literacy learning opportunities provided to individual children throughout the day. Maternal education and initial skills were both significantly and positively correlated with children’s learning opportunities, and maternal education was uniquely associated with learning opportunities when both predictors were included in hierarchical linear models. Notably, initial oral language skills also uniquely predicted learning opportunities, indicating that children whose mothers had lower levels of education and who had lower oral language skills experienced a double disadvantage. (author abstract)

Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

Release: 'v1.77.0' | Built: 2024-05-14 14:23:10 EDT